PROBLEM OF SMART CITY INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS FORMING
The development of the digital society has led to the relevance of new research in the direction of considering Smart City as a paradigm of social development. The article defines the interpretation of "municipality competitiveness". There is also a review and analysis of recent research in the direction of building Smart City as a component of post-industrial economies of many countries. It is determined that the transformation of large industrial cities into Smart City is a global trend as well as a realistic prospect for many Ukrainian cities and the main driving force of development is the active participation of citizens in city life and management using intelligent and information systems based on information and communication technologies. In the direction of features and priorities of Smart City separate components formation the need for algorithms which have properties to adapt to changing scenarios of city services work and help the corresponding services to make the considered and at the same time operative decision in any even emergency situation is considered. Areas of Smart City development in the context of development of new information and communication technologies are defined. The basis and result of the existence of Smart City infrastructure is a single information space for processing urban processes and procedures – from environmental to social ones. This article explores the current trends and directions of Smart City creation, the organization of development of Smart City components in advanced countries and Ukraine. It is suggested that other key components, such as transport, security and trade, can be considered in the process of becoming a Smart City. Smart City infrastructure helps the socio-economic sphere, enterprises and households to increase economic efficiency reduce the burden on the environment, ensure the comfort and safety of residents. The result of these serious objectively necessary transformations will be an attractive Smart City, integrated into the interregional and international intelligent network, able to make the most effective use of the territorial and resource potential available to it.
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